MSA: LMI

Geography

Regional Information: The Multi-County region consists of 8 counties: Atascosa, Bandera,Bexar, Comal, Guadalupe, Kendall, Medina and Wilson counties . The Multi-County region had an estimated population of 2,002,944 in 2008. The region consists of 7,387 square miles with apopulation density of 271.14 residents per square mile compared to a statewide density of 91.95. 

Natural amenities of the area, according to the U.S. Department of Interior, reflect an overall percent of surface water of 0.6 percent compared to 2.5 percent statewide. The land surface form topography for the region is a variation which can be described as irregular plains, high hills and open high hills.

Considerably more detailed information can be found at: http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/texaswater/sb1/

and

http://www.netstate.com/states/geography/tx_geography.htm

Local Workforce Boards: The counties in the study area are members of the following TWC local workforce board area(s). Local addresses, references to specific needs and services can be found at the following Internet address(es): 

Alamo 
http://www.twc.state.tx.us/dirs/wdas/wda20.html

In order to contact a board or TWCs Tele Center by phone, call 1-800-939-6631. 

Population

County population estimates are updated periodically by the Texas State Data Center – Office of the State Demographer at the University of Texas at San Antonio. County estimates are primarily based on the 100 percent population counts from the latest April, 2000 decennial census and are calculated to reveal population change up to a current date, in this case January 2008. These estimation methodologies utilize information on births, deaths and elementary school enrollment to estimate population. In this method, migration of the school-age population is assumed to be indicative of migration in the total population (with adjustments being made for the historical differences between the school-age migration rate and the total populations rate of migration). Data on public school enrollment from the Texas Education Agency and data from the Texas State Data Centers survey of private schools in Texas are used to estimate change in the school-age population. Data on institutional populations were obtained from applicable institutions, while data on other special populations, such as the elderly population were obtained from the U.S. Bureau of the Census.

According to the county-based population estimates from the Texas State Data Center, Multi-County changed in population from 1,711,703 in April, 2000 to an estimated 2,002,944 in January 2008 by 291,241 residents. This reflects an increase of 17.0 percent in population. During the same time period, the states population changed by 3,253,597 residents from 20,851,820 to an estimated 24,105,417 persons representing a comparative change of 15.6 percent.

A variety of data topics for Texas and all the counties is available at: http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/48000.html

The regions race/ethnic distibution in 2000 is estimated by the Census Bureau to be:

Race/Ethnicity Population Area
Percent
Statewide
Percent
White 1,222,179 71.4 70.97
Black 106,855 6.2 11.53
Other 38,814 2.3 3.33
Hispanicº 863,162 50.4 31.99

 

º Hispanic count includes White, Black and other representation when reported.

Population

The gender distribution of an area can provide additional insight into the regions overall distribution in the population by male and female. Of the areas population, 835,292 were male which represents 48.8 percent and 876,411 were female which represents 51.2 percent. This compares to the statewide percentage of 49.6 percent for male and 50.4 percent for female.

Special

Youth and Older Workers: Other age cohorts may be of special interest for Workforce Development Boards summer youth programs and older worker programs. The Multi-County region has 232,627 persons age 14-21 representing 13.3 percent of the population. This compares with 13.3 percent statewide. For the potential older age cohort, 177,219 persons or 10.2 percent are 55 or over in the Multi-County region based on the 2000 Census. This compares to 9.9 percent statewide.

Ages

If the population cohort 45 and over is higher than the state average, this suggests a stable, mature population comprised of mainly “empty-nesters,” retirees and the aged. When the 25-44 age cohort is higher than the state average, this is a healthy economic situation since this group contains the greatest share of the labor force. Decreases over time in this group, especially when similar changes are not occurring statewide, can be an indication that people are moving out of an area they consider to be a poor labor market. In Multi-County the total number in the age groups of 25 to 44, was 555,686 or 31.8 percent. This compares to a statewide percentage of 31.9 percent.

Ages

For the population generally considered in the ages to participate in the labor market, the total population who were 18 years and over totaled 14,965,061 in Texas which represented 71.8 percent of the total population. In this study area, the total persons in this age group was 1,226,081 or 71.6 percent of the total population. Within this age group in Texas the number of males in 2000 who were 18 years and over represented 7,338,177 persons or 35.2 percent of the total population while females age 18 years and over represented 7,626,884 or 36.6 percent. In the Multi-County area, males 18 and over represented 587,369 or 34.3 percent in comparison and females totaled to 638,712 or 37.3 percent.

Veteran

According to the U.S. Bureau of Census, the area had 1,200,292 persons in the population age 18 years and older in the year 2000. Of that number, 191,941 or 16.0 percent responded as being a civilian veteran, compared to 11.8 percent statewide. A “civilian veteran” is a person 18 years old or over who has served (even for a short time), but is not now serving, on active duty in the U.S. Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, or the Coast Guard, or who served in the U.S. Merchant Marine during World War II. People who served in the National Guard or military Reserves are classified as veterans only if they were ever called or ordered to active duty, not counting the 4-6 months for initial training or yearly summer camps.

Disability

From the 2000 Census, data on Disability Status were derived when respondents reported long-lasting conditions: (a) blindness, deafness, or a severe vision or hearing impairment, (sensory disability) and (b) a condition that substantially limits one or more basic physical activities such as walking, climbing stairs, reaching, lifting, or carrying (physical disability). Disability status was also derived if the individuals in the working age range of 21 to 64 years had a physical, mental, or emotional condition lasting 6 months or more that made it difficult to perform certain activities such as: (a) learning, remembering, or concentrating (mental disability); (b) dressing, bathing, or getting around inside the home (self-care disability); (c) going outside the home alone to shop or visit a doctors office (going outside the home disability); and (d) working at a job or business (employment disability).

It was reported in the 2000 Census that the area had an estimated 425,963 persons residing there between the ages of 5 to 20 years of age with approximately 36,525 or 8.6 percent with a disability. In Texas, the percent with disabilities in this same age bracket was 7.9 percent. In the working age population group – ages 21 to 64 years, the area had approximately 932,204 persons, of which 201,750 were categorized to be in a disability status. This represented 21.6 percent compared to 19.9 percent in the state overall. For those persons in this age group that had a disability, approximately 117,812 or 58.4 percent were employed. For those who had no disability, an estimated 542,378 or 74.3 percent were employed. For the retirement age group of 65 years of age and older, 176,377 persons resided of which 79,409 were disabled. The percent of this age group

Ages

For the population who are considered to be at the age of retirement or older – 65 years and older, the total number of persons in Texas was 2,072,532 or 9.9 percent of the total population in 2000. This region had a total of 184,941 or 10.8 percent in this older age group. In the same age group of 65 years and over, males in Texas represented 862,181 or 4.1 percent of the total population and females totaled to 1,210,351 or 5.8 percent, while in this study area, males totaled to 77,006 or 4.5 percent of all persons in this area and females represented 107,935 or 6.3 percent of all persons. For other general and special population information from the 2000 Census as well as specific populations topics, link to http://www.census.gov/census2000/states/tx.html.

Population

The Office of the State Demographer for the State of Texas distributes the most widely used population projections for Texas. Projection estimates in these tables and the methodology for migration scenarios have been revised as of 2006 by the Texas State Data Center and Office of the State Demographer – now housed at University of Texas San Antonio. Each projection series includes three scenarios resulting in three alternative sets of population values for the State and each county are presented in these projections. These scenarios assume the same set of mortality and fertility assumptions in each scenario but differ in their assumptions relative to net migration. The net migration assumptions made for three scenarios are derived from 1990-2000 patterns which have been altered relative to expected future population trends. This is done by systematically and uniformly altering the adjusted 1990-2000 net migration rates by age, sex and race/ethnicity. The scenarios so produced are referred to as the zero migration (0.0) scenario, the one-half 1990-2000 (0.5) scenario, the 1990-2000 (1.0) scenario and the 1990-2000 (2.0) scenario.

The recommended scenario for most county based projection reporting used is believed to be the 0.5 scenario as most appropriate scenario for most counties in Texas. This scenario has been prepared as an approximate average of the zero (0.0) and 1990-2000 (1.0) scenarios. It assumes rates of net migration one-half of those of the 1990s. The reason for including this scenario is that many counties in the State are unlikely to continue to experience the overall levels of relatively extensive growth of the 1990s. A scenario which projects rates of population growth that are approximately an average of the zero and the 1990-2000 scenarios is one that suggests slower but steadier growth than occurred during 1990-2000 (For a more detailed discussion see http://txsdc.utsa.edu).

Using this projection scenario, the following table represents population projections for Multi-County:

Population Projections and Percent Change Since 2000*

Year

Total

Pct Chg

Anglo

Pct Chg

Black

Pct Chg

Hispanic

Pct Chg

Other

Pct Chg

2000

1,711,703

708,451

107,169

863,162

32,921

2005

1,833,252

7.1

724,135

2.2

113,392

5.8

955,898

10.7

39,827

21.0

2010

1,952,482

14.1

735,800

3.9

119,714

11.7

1,049,893

21.6

47,075

43.0

2015

2,068,511

20.8

745,643

5.2

125,869

17.4

1,142,255

32.3

54,744

66.3

2020

2,178,130

27.2

752,399

6.2

131,178

22.4

1,231,644

42.7

62,909

91.1

2025

2,278,399

33.1

754,888

6.6

135,321

26.3

1,316,668

52.5

71,522

117.3

2030

2,368,499

38.4

752,340

6.2

138,502

29.2

1,397,012

61.8

80,645

145.0

2035

2,446,493

42.9

745,100

5.2

140,657

31.2

1,470,625

70.4

90,111

173.7

2040

2,512,021

46.8

734,964

3.7

141,810

32.3

1,535,333

77.9

99,914

203.5

* Anglo, Black,and Other excludes Hispanic counts.

 

For comparison purposes, the Texas population projections, using the same scenario methodology, are as follows:

Population Projections and Percent Change Since 2000*

Year

Total

Pct Chg

Anglo

Pct Chg

Black

Pct Chg

Hispanic

Pct Chg

Other

Pct Chg

2000

20,851,820

11,074,716

2,421,653

6,669,666

685,785

2005

22,556,054

8.2

11,327,875

2.3

2,588,604

6.9

7,820,854

17.3

818,721

19.4

2010

24,330,612

16.7

11,533,974

4.1

2,754,744

13.8

9,080,436

36.1

961,458

40.2

2015

26,156,715

25.4

11,694,533

5.6

2,913,063

20.3

10,436,536

56.5

1,112,583

62.2

2020

28,005,788

34.3

11,796,493

6.5

3,052,401

26.0

11,882,998

78.2

1,273,896

85.8

2025

29,897,443

43.4

11,830,579

6.8

3,170,986

30.9

13,448,469

101.6

1,447,409

111.1

2030

31,830,589

52.7

11,789,298

6.5

3,268,616

35.0

15,140,100

127.0

1,632,575

138.1

2035

33,789,668

62.0

11,682,014

5.5

3,345,684

38.2

16,934,444

153.9

1,827,526

166.5

2040

35,761,201

71.5

11,525,112

4.1

3,403,169

40.5

18,804,298

181.9

2,028,622

195.8

 

* Anglo, Black,and Other excludes Hispanic counts.

County

Out-Migration: Using Internal Revenue Service (IRS) information regarding changes in residences between two filing years 2007 and 2008, statistics regarding moving in and out of counties can reveal patterns of migration as well as patterns of out-of-state and foreign migration to and from selected counties. During this time Multi-County reported 712,391 total tax returns were matched to tabulate outflow migration. Of these returns approximately 5.9 percent showed a change in residences by moving out from their originating county in 2007 to another county in 2008. Of these who moved out of their original county, 62.6 percent moved to another county within Texas, while 34.7 percent moved to a different state but within the U.S. Those who moved from their originating county in the year 2007 to a foreign country in 2008 was approximately 2.7 percent.

The IRS county migration data reports income by the number of returns and the number of exemptions. The number of returns – as a unit of analysis may be used as a proxy for household income and the number of exemptions may be used as a proxy for the number of individuals in a family. Using the number of returns for household income, the Multi-County overall has an average household earnings of $51,254. Of those households which remained in the same area, an average reported non-migrating household income of $51,587 during the period 2007 to 2008. Total income earned by 41,719 households leaving the region was $1,914,753,000 which represents an average income of $45,896.

The top 5 counties showing the most households and their average income leaving Multi-County to other counties during 2007 to 2008 were:

County and State Households Moving Out Average Income Moving Out
Travis County, TX 1,903 $41,791
Harris County, TX 1,682 $43,372
Foreign – Outside U.S. 1,110 $41,930
Dallas County, TX 755 $41,841
Hays County, TX 678 $35,465

In-Migration: During the period 2007 to 2008, there were approximately 720,982 total tax returns were matched to calculate inflow migration. Of these returns approximately 7.0 percent showed a change in residences by moving in from their originating county in 2007 to a county in the study area in 2008. Of these who moved into the study area from another county, 56.3 percent moved from other counties in Texas, while 40.0 percent moved from a county in a different state but within the U.S. Those who moved into the study area during the 2007-2008 period from a foreign country was approximately 3.7 percent.

Using the number of returns as a proxy for household income, the Multi-County overall has an average household earnings of $51,410. Of those households which remained in the same area, had an average reported non-migrating household income of $51,587 during the period 2007 to 2008. Total income earned by 50,310 households entering the region was $2,467,395,000 which represents an average income of $49,044.

The top 5 counties showing the most households and their average income migrating into Multi-County from other counties during 2007 to 2008 were:

County and State Households Moving In Average Income Moving In
Foreign – Outside U.S. 1,848 $42,814
Harris County, TX 1,800 $65,092
Travis County, TX 1,627 $43,361
Los Angeles County, CA 1,007 $38,173
Nueces County, TX 908 $42,144

Change in Aggregated Earnings: Gains and loses of residential earnings and buying power due to a migration can be reflected in observed differences in aggregate dollars entering and leaving an area. County to county migration information from the IRS shows a net change for the Multi-County region of $552,642,000.00. A positive value represents an increase in earnings for an area and a negative value represents a loss of income during the 2007 – 2008 period.

Vital Statistics: According to the Texas Department of State Health Services for vital statistics for the year 2004, the Multi-County area had a total of 30,130 live births which represents a live birth rate of 16.3 births for every 1,000 persons in the study area compared to a statewide rate of 17.0 births per 1,000 persons in the population. The area had a total of 13,178 deaths representing a rate of 7.1 for every 1,000 persons compared to a statewide rate of 6.8.

Employment

Civilian Labor Force (CLF): The most recent civilian labor force estimates from TWC for Texas statewide in April 2011 is 12,248,373 which is an increase in the labor force of 112,415 persons since April 2010. This represents a 0.9 percent change in Texas during this time period. These estimates are not seasonally adjusted. Multi-County had a civilian labor force of 993,903 for April 2011 which was a change of 2,038 in CLF since April 2010. This change represented an increase of 0.2 percent for the study area. For another glimpse into TWC/LMIs Texas and County information, link to: http://www.tracer2.com/cgi/dataanalysis/AreaSelection.asp?tableName=Labforce.

Occupations: The best source of occupational information at the county level is from the 2000 Census. The total number of persons 16 years of age or older who were employed in Multi-County during the 2000 Census was 737,324. The following presents a table of those employed by occupational categories for this region compared to statewide percentages:

Occupational Categories Count Area
Percent
Statewide
Percent
Mgmt., Professional Occs. 239,958 32.5 33.3
Service Occupations 116,023 15.7 14.6
Sales and Office Occupations 215,207 29.2 27.2
Farming/Fishing/Forestry Occs. 2,341 0.3 0.7
Constr., Extraction Occs. 81,021 11.0 10.9
Production, Transport. Occs. 82,774 11.2 13.2

Class of Worker: Another way to view the types of workers in an areas labor force is by class of worker. According to the 2000 Census, the area had 563,385 employees who were private wage and salary workers representing 76.4 percent of all workers. The region had another 121,345 persons who were government workers or 16.5 percent, 50,356 who were self employed workers or 6.8 percent and 2,238 who were unpaid family workers representing 0.3 percent. This compares to the Texas statewide distribution of 78.0 percent for private wage and salary workers, 14.6 percent for government workers, 7.1 percent for self employed, and 0.3 percent for unpaid family workers.

Unemployment: According to TWC unemployment figures for April 2011 Multi-County had an unemployment estimate of 70,066 persons which represents a rate of 7.0 compared to a Texas statewide unemployment rate of 7.7 for the same month. For the study area these estimates represent an increase from April 2010 unemployment rate of 7.0 percent. The Texas statewide unemployment rate was 7.9 for April 2010. For the latest unemployment rates, see TWCs LMI website – Unemployment Rates (LAUS): http://www.tracer2.com/cgi/dataanalysis/AreaSelection.asp?tableName=Labforce and for a description of methodology link to: http://www.tracer2.com/article.asp?ARTICLEID=148.

Reporting Establishments: The TWC indicates 33,605 business reporting units operating in Multi-County in the first quarter of 2008 with an average of 23.96 workers per unit. Average firm size makes a difference for job hunting and job development strategy because larger firms tend to have better defined ports of entry and in-house training capabilities. Although definitions vary greatly, small business can be defined as less than 50 workers and medium sized is 250 or less. The Texas average is 22.86 workers per unit. Regions with higher than average number of workers per unit tend to be dominated economically by a few very large employers.

Commuting to Work: Commuting to work for workers 16 years and over has a number of implications for transportation and municipal services study. Multi-County had a total of 569,977 or 76.2 percent who drove their car to work alone, 111,323 or 14.9 percent who car pooled, 20,274 or 2.7 percent used public transportation, 17,655 or 2.4 percent who walked to work, 9,268 or 1.2 percent of regional workers who used other means to work, and 19,691 or 2.6 percent who worked at home. These methods of commuting to work compare to the Texas statewide results by: car alone (77.7%), car pool (14.5%), public transportation (1.9%), walked (1.9%), other means (1.3%), and worked at home (2.8%).

Employers by Employee Size Class: Employer contact information and employee size ranges are collected and updated by the Analyst Resource Center from InfoUSA Inc. The most current release is a product called the Employer Database 2010 1st Edition. This product shows that the area had approximately 15,756 establishments which employed 10 or more employees. Of these employers, approximately 0.4 percent employed over 1000 employees. 0.5 percent employed between approximately 500 and 999 employees, 7.3 percent employed between approximately 100 and 499 employees, 12.2 percent employed between 50 and 99 employees, 29.8 percent employed between 20 and 49 employees, and 49.8 percent employed between approximately 10 and 19 employees.

Top

                                  • Cardell Cabinetry
                                  • Ccc Group Inc 
                                  • Continental Automotive Systems 
                                  • Norwood Promotional Products 
                                  • St Aerospace San Antonio Lp 
                                  • Texas Manufacturing Assistance 
                                  • Toyota Motor Mfg Texas Inc 
                                  • Valero Energy Corp
                                  • Valero Marketing & Supply Co 
                                  • Zachry Construction Corp

Income

Personal Income: According to the most recent data released by the BEA 2005, Multi-Countys total personal income, excluding farm, was $57,310,933,000 which represented an increase of $3,757,033,000 when compared to the 2004 total personal income, excluding farm, of $ 53,553,900,000. For Statewide personal income, the total of $686,943,289,000 for 2004 and $741,099,703,000 for the year 2004, shows an increase of $54,156,414,000. This indicates that Multi-County has a personal income showing a rate change of 7.0 percent compared to the statewide income at a rate change of 7.9 percent for the same period. Income from all government and government enterprises for the area was a total of $10,132,116,000 for the year 2005. This was an increase of 4.1 percent from the 2004 figure of $9,732,409,000. Texas statewide had an increase of 5.7 percent for government income. Military income, excluding federal civilian income, for 2005 was $2,781,582,000 compared to $2,719,933,000 in 2004 for the study area. This was an increase of 2.3 percent compared to a statewide change of no change percent for the same period.

For further information link to: http://www.bea.gov/bea/regional/reis

Per Capita Income: Total personal income is a widely used measure of regional economic health while per capita income is generally used to compare the relative well-being of residents across areas (not accounting for differences in area cost of living). The per capita personal income for 2005 was $30,393 in Multi-County while Texas statewide had a per capita income of $32,460.

For more information on this data, please go to: http://www.bea.gov/bea/regional/reis

Government Transfer Payments: The Multi-County region received over $8,626,731,000 in transfer of payments in FY2005 which reflected a $4,569 per capita transfer payment compared to the Texas per capita payment of $4,194. Transfer payments includes the total amount of government allocations to people who qualify for income assistance. This consists largely of supplemental security income payments, family assistance, general assistance payments, food stamp payments, and other assistance payments, including emergency assistance.

For more information on this data, please go to: http://www.bea.gov/bea/regional/reis

Residence Adjustment: Some areas function as major employment centers and others serve as “bedroom communities”. This means that residents may work in one region but live, pay taxes and spend most of their income in their resident region. The degree to which a regional area serves as a bedroom community can be measured by a “residence adjustment” to the area personal income. The residence adjustment in the Multi-County region was $297,778 in 2005. By 2006 the adjustment represented an increase to $316,508. A negative number implies that workers commute into the region to earn income but do not reside there. Growth over time of negative residence adjustments generally implies an eroding tax base for the region. Similarly, a positive figure implies that on balance the region exports jobs and income to residents of other regions. For more information on this data, please go to http://www.bea.gov/bea/regional/reis.

Average Weekly Wage: TWC reported an average weekly wage during 1st quarter 2007 for all covered wages and salaried employment in the Multi-County region to be $765.91. Average weekly wages for 1st quarter 2008 was $757.17, a decrease of -1.1 percent. This is compared to a decrease of -2.1 percent statewide for the same period of time. The Texas statewide average weekly wage in the 1st quarter of 2008 was $884.74. These wage data are the result of the reported quarterly wages and salaries paid by employers divided by 13 weeks.

For the most current information, link tohttp://www.tracer2.com/cgi/dataanalysis/AreaSelection.asp?tableName=Industry

Personal Income by Place of Residence: Personal income by place of residence, based on the 2000 Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) estimates was roughly $66,385 for the Multi-County region. This compares to $78,626 statewide. This figure is much higher than the per capita income level because it includes all wage earners living within a single household. Also, income data from BEA will be different than income data from other agencies due to that fact the BEA includes other sources of income such as farm wages, dividends, interest, rent and transfer payments.

For more information on this data, please go to: http://www.bea.gov/bea/regional/reis

Poverty Population: The U.S. Department of Census estimated a 2002 poverty population for the Multi-County region for people of all ages at 279,707 persons. That figure represents 15.7 percent of the non-institutional population compared to a Texas percentage of 15.4 percent for people of all ages. The estimated number of people under the age of 18 in the study area in poverty was 102,277 in 1999. This figure was 6.2 percent of all people under 18 in the study area compared to Texas statewide which was 6.0 percent of all people under 18 as estimated in 1999. According to the 2000 Census, the number of families living below poverty status in 1999 were 51,804 which was 11.9 percent of all families in the study area. This compared to 12.0 percent of all families statewide living in poverty status in 1999. The total number of individuals living below poverty status was 252,311 in 1999 which was 14.7 percent of all individuals in the study area. This compared to 15.0 percent of all individuals living below poverty status statewide.

For the most recent Poverty information, see: http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/saipe/county.html

Gross Retail Sales: Income can be viewed in several ways and under different definitions. Per capita income tends to have a direct relationship with the growth of gross sales and most service sector industries in an area. Gross sales for the region estimated by the Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts were $5,849,226,039 in the 4th quarter 2009 which represented an increase of 9.3 percent to $6,391,460,453.00 by the 4th quarter 2010. The statewide change for the same period was an increase of 2.7 percent in gross sales. The total number of reporting outlets for the same period was 15,050 in the 4th quarter 2009 and 14,945 in the 4th quarter 2010. This region had a decrease of -0.7 percent in the study area compared to the statewide change for the same period of an increase of 0.3 percent.

For the most recent Gross Retail Sales information, please see: http://www.window.state.tx.us/taxinfo/sales/

Housing

Household Units and Size: The total number of housing units in 2000 in Multi-County according the Census was 601,265 with an average household size of 2.8 persons. The average household size for Texas was 2.7 persons for the same period. Home ownership rates for this area was 64.5 percent compared to Texas statewide which had a rate of 63.8 percent. While in Texas statewide the percent of households with persons under 18 years of age in 2000 was 40.9 percent, this study area had a percent of 41.3. The percent of households with persons 65 years of age or older was 19.9 percent in Texas statewide while 21.8 percent of Multi-County had households with individuals 65 years of age and older.

Types of Structures: While Texas had approximately 63.4 percent of the housing units in the category of one detached structures in 2000 according to the census, the study area had approximately 66.1 percent. Mobile homes in the area made up 7.7 percent when compared to a statewide percentage of 9.0 percent. More recently built housing structures in the area shows new development has taken place in the region. The total number of new housing structures built between 1995 and March 2000 was 89,480 or 13.8 percent in Multi-County compared to 13.2 percent statewide.

Owner and Renter Occupied: According to the 2000 Census, the percent of owner-occupied units with a value of $100,000 or greater in Multi-County was 32.1 percent compared to 36.7 percent for the state. The percent of renter-occupied units with rent values of $500 per month or greater was 57.0 percent as compared to the Texas percentage of 60.4 percent. For this area, the total number of renter-occupied housing units was 213,495 which represented 35.5 percent of all occupied housing units in 2000. This compares to a Texas statewide percentage of 36.2 percent for the same period.

 

Education

The total number of public independent school districts in Multi-County for the school year 1999-2000 was 39 according to the Texas Education Agency. The overall average daily attendance for the same year was 298,817.

Enrollment: School enrollment data from the 2000 Census showed that there were 493,250 persons in the population who were 3 years of age and older and enrolled in school in the study area during the census collection period. Of this population, the following table shows a breakdown of what types of schools persons were enrolled compared to similar statewide Information:

 

Type of School

Count

Area
Percent

Statewide
Percent

Nursery school or preschool

30,838

6.3

6.6

Kindergarten

29,424

6.0

5.9

Elementary School (grades 1-8)

223,612

45.3

45.5

High School (grades 9-12)

109,634

22.2

21.9

College or graduate school

99,742

20.2

20.2

 

Educational Attainment: The total number of persons 25 years of age or older who responded to the level of educational attainment during the 2000 Census was 1,053,316. Of those persons, the following presents a table on various levels of educational attainment for this region compared to statewide percentages:

Educational Attainment

Count

Area
Percent

Statewide
Percent

Less than 9th Grade

117,436

11.1

11.5

9th to 12th grade, no diploma

123,462

11.7

12.9

H.S. graduate (inc. equiv.)

268,129

25.5

24.8

Some college, no degree

249,964

23.7

22.4

Associate Degree

61,817

5.9

5.2

Bachelors Degree

148,951

14.1

15.6

Graduate or Prof. Degree

83,557

7.9

7.6

 

Another useful grouping of these statistics shows that the percent of high school graduates or higher was 77.1 percent for the area compared to 75.7 percent for Texas. Also, the percent with bachelors degree or higher was 22.1 percent as compared to 23.2 percent for Texas.

Health

Health Facilities – The number of acute and psychiatric care hospitals in Multi-County as of October 2007 was 37, with an average total beds capacity of approximately 179.5 compared to a statewide ratio of 123.1 beds per hospital according to statistical reports from the Texas Department of State Health Services. Link to http://www.dshs.state.tx.us for more data reporting on health care facilities. The Texas State Board of Pharmacy data for October 2007 shows there are 398 licensed pharmacies in the study area. The total number of licensed pharmacies statewide is 5,919. For additional information on Texas Pharmacies, link to the Texas State Board of Pharmacy at http://www.tsbp.state.tx.us/index.htm.

Health Practitioners – According to the Texas Department of State Health Services October 2007 report, there were 4,549 direct patient care and primary care physicians who practiced in the region. The ratio of total persons to each physician in the area was 425.3 residents per each physician. This compares to a statewide ratio of 460.5 persons for each physician in Texas. Another way of reporting these figures is by showing the number of physicians as a ratio per 100,000 residents. In this study area, the ratio in direct patient care was 560.8 as compared to the statewide ratio of 638.3 in direct patient care physicians per 100,000 population as of 2007. The ratio of physicians in primary care was 1,393.0 compared to a statewide ratio of 1,472.0 physicians in primary care per 100,000 persons in the population statewide. Link to http://www.dshs.state.tx.us for more data.

The study area had a total of 14,833 registered nurses (RN) working in the study area, representing a ratio of 130.4 persons for each RN in the area. The statewide ratio was 152.2 persons for each RN in the state. For the same time period, the ratio of RNs per 100,000 population was 766.9 compared to 657.0 per 100,000 statewide. Link to http://www.dshs.state.tx.us for more data.

The number of licensed vocational nurses (LVN) who practiced in the area was 6,707 representing a ratio of 288.5 persons per each LVN in the area. This compared to 363.8 persons per each LVN statewide. The ratio of LVNs per 100,000 population was 346.6 compared to 274.9 per 100,000 population statewide. See http://www.dshs.state.tx.us for a wider variety of Health Professionals and related information.

The Texas Department of State Health Services information for October 2007 also reports that there were 961 dentists in the study area, with a ratio of 2,013.4 persons for each dentist in the area. The ratio of dentists per 100,000 residents was 49.7. By comparison, there was a statewide ratio of 42.8 dentists per 100,000 residents, with a total of 10,151 dentists statewide. See http://www.dshs.state.tx.us for a wider variety of Health Professionals and related information.

According to data from the Texas Department of State Health Services for October 2007, there were 3,973 licensed Emergency Medical Technicians, or EMTs, for the study area; a ratio of 205.3 licensed EMTs per 100,000 residents. The statewide ratio was 218.0 EMTs per 100,000 residents, with a total of 51,718 EMTs statewide. See http://www.dshs.state.tx.us for a wider variety of Health Professionals and related information.

Also, according to the October 2007 report from the Texas Department of State Health Services, there were 1,603 pharmacists in this area, which is a ratio of 1,207.0 persons for each pharmacist. Texas has 18,138 pharmacists statewide, or a ratio of 1,308.2 persons for each pharmacist in the area. The ratio of pharmacists per 100,000 residents was 82.9 compared to 76.4 per 100,000 residents statewide. See http://www.dshs.state.tx.us for a wider variety of Health Professionals and related information.

The Texas Department of State Health Services information for October 2007 shows that for the study area there were 269 occupational therapists; a ratio of 7,192.8 persons for each occupational therapist. The statewide ratio was 11,072.6 persons for each occupational therapist, with a total of 2,143 occupational therapists statewide. The ratio of occupational therapists per 100,000 residents was 13.9 compared to 9.0 statewide. See http://www.dshs.state.tx.us for a wider variety of Health Professionals and related information.

Medical & Health Services Employment*

Area

Statewide

2007 1st Qtr

2008 1st Qtr

Pct
Change

2007 1st Qtr

2008 1st Qtr

Pct
Change

97,656

100,598

3.01%

1,092,916

1,135,001

3.85%

* Includes: Hospitals, Medical/Health Offices; Home Health, Nursing, Elderly Residential facilities; Individual/Family, Emergency & Other Relief Svcs., Vocational Rehab. Svcs. [NAICS: 6211,6212-19,6221-23,6231-33,6239,6241-43] Due to confidentiality, employment for small areas may be suppressed and reported as zero.

Health Statistics – Some of the leading causes of mortality in Texas include malignant neoplasms or cancer, heart disease, and chronic lower respiratory disease. From information gathered by Texas Department of State Health Services for 2004, the study area had a total of 2,836 reported deaths from malignant neoplasm cancer. On a statewide level, Texas had 33,836 reported deaths from malignant neoplasm cancer. Texas Department of State Health Services reports that for 2004 there were 3,434 deaths from heart disease, and 577 deaths from lower respiratory disease in the selected study area. By contrast, Texas statewide had 40,091 deaths from heart disease and 7,387 deaths from chronic lower respiratory disease. See http://www.dshs.state.tx.us for a wider variety of Texas health, disease and related information.

Several state agencies collect statistics on health status indicators that can be used to assess the strengths or weaknesses of public health in a local area or community. For this study area, the Texas Department of State Health Services reported for August 2004 there were 185 infant deaths, as compared with a statewide rate of 2,398. See http://www.dshs.state.tx.us for a wider variety of Texas health, disease and related information.

The Texas Department of State Health Services reported that for August 2003 there were 1,765 total teen pregnancies in this area. There were different teen pregnancy rates in the study area depending on race, with 93 for Black teens, 1,475 for Hispanic teens and 197 for White teens. Statewide rates for teenage pregnancy were 19,730 for total teenage pregnancies, with 3,003 for Black teens, 12,693 for Hispanic teens and 4,034 for White teens. See http://www.dshs.state.tx.us for a wider variety of Texas health, disease and related information.

In the Health and Human Services 2003 Data Book, figures show that the number of children under 19 in this area whom were not covered by health insurance is 79,348, which is 6.5% of the reported population in that age group. The number of uninsured children statewide is 885,999, or 7.1% of the reported population for children under 19. For more information, or to view or download the entire data book, see http://www.hhsc.state.tx.us.

Information

The Bureau of Census has a variety of useful Quick Facts for each county in Texas. These Quick Fact reports are available for each county in the Multi-County area at http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/48000.html. Some counties maintain their own Internet sites for local information. If a county hosts its own Web site, it may be accessed through a URL with the following format http://www.co.County Name Goes Here.tx.us. 

To research additional websites on Counties, consider any of the following: 

Texas A-Z List of counties with web sites: http://www.state.tx.us/portal/tol/en/gov/6/2/1 
Texas Conference on Urban Counties: http://www.cuc.org 
State of Texas Web Site – Texas Counties:http://www.state.tx.us 
Texas Economic Development: http://www.governor.state.tx.us/ecodev 
TWCs LMI unit, Tracer: http://www.tracer2.com/ 
Texas Association of Counties: http://www.county.org 
V.G. Young Institute of County Government: http://vgyi.tamu.edu/ 
Real Estate Center, Texas A&M University: http://recenter.tamu.edu 
Bureau of Business Research, University of Texas: http://www.utexas.edu/depts/bbr 
National Association of Counties: http://www.naco.org 
“Uniform Crime Statistics, County Reports” Geostat-Geospatial & Statistical Data Center, University of Virginia: http://fisher.lib.virginia.edu/crime 
Compare County Data Nationwide: http://www.stats.indiana.edu/uspr/a/sbs_profile_frame.html

Other

According to the Texas Secretary of States Office, for the November 2008 presidential election, there were 1,194,861 registered voters in Multi-County. The voter turnout was 689,418 representing 57.7 percent of eligible voters. The election results were 359,129 or 52.1 percent for McCain/Palin, 324,840 or 47.1 percent for Obama/Biden, and 5,449 or 0.8 percent for all other presidential candidates. The statewide results were 55.5 percent for McCain/Palin, 43.7 percent for Obama/Biden, and approximately 0.9 percent for all other candidates. See: http://www.sos.state.tx.us/elections/voter/index.shtml for other topics of interest. 

Information on the three categories of child placement services from the Texas Department of Family and Protective Services for 2006 showed that the area had 49 foster homes, 185 foster/adoptive homes and 83 adoptive homes. The total number of licensed day care facilities were 775 with a total capacity of 69,587. The total number of family homes licensed for 24-hour care was 675. Link herefor further information. 

There were approximately 111,052 crimes reported in the Multi-County area during 2005 or a -0.6 percent change from the 111,730 crimes reported for 2004. Statewide, the total of all reported crimes was 1,117,806 for 2005 representing a -1.8 percent change from the reported totals of 1,138,346 for 2004. This information was collect from the FBI, Uniform Crime Reports, as prepared by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data; see the U.S. Dept. of Justice site: http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/dtdata.htm for the most recent reported data. 
 

The total jail capacity for public and private jails in the region was 5,689 as of October 1, 2006 according to the Texas Commission on Jail Standards. Jail population was at 94.6 percent capacity when compared to maximum capacity. At this same time, this compared to a statewide capacity of 90.4 percent. For more detailed information, see to: http://www.tcjs.state.tx.us/index.php?linkid=320.

The region had 100 commercial banks in 2007, as reported by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), with total deposits of $16,775,000,000 and assets of $17,501,441,000. The 2007 deposit to population ratio was $8,527 for the Multi-County region compared to the Texas ratio of $13,816. A ratio less than the state average generally indicates either the presence of an adjacent city or county not within the described region serving as a regional financial center, or per capita income well below the state average. These numbers do not reflect assets and deposits which are held in branch offices of banks whose headquarters are in another city or state. The most recent FDIC data for this area is at http://www2.fdic.gov/sod/index.asp
 
While all counties in Texas are served by banks, savings and loan institutions and credit unions, many counties may not show these offices directly reported in its geography by the FDIC or other governing agencies. For the 2007 reporting period in Multi-County, the number of saving and loans was 8 which had a total of savings and loan assets of $2,907,977,900 and deposits of $2,650,700,000 These figures are in contrast to the statewide total of 54 savings and loans, with $7,767,193,400 in assets and $12,067,400,000 in deposits. For more information, please see: http://www2.fdic.gov/sdi/index.asp. There were 32 credit unions in the study area according to the National Credit Union Administration data. For 2007, the latest year of reported data, these credit unions had a total of $7,855,240,366 in assets and $5,446,657,800 in deposits, as compared to a total of 615 credit unions statewide, with $48,883,686,146 in assets and $36,648,314,014 in deposits. Credit union statistics and other information on credit unions can be found at http://webapps.ncua.gov/customquery.

This report is brought to you by:

Labor Market and Career Information / Texas Workforce Commission

101 East 15th Street, Room 0252 Austin, TX 78778-0001

Main:(512) 936-3200 Fax:(512) 936-3204

http://www.lmci.state.tx.us