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BEXAR COUNTY

County Overview | Monthly Unemployment/Jobs Report


Geography

Regional Information: The Bexar County region (FIPS code:48029) had an estimated population of 1,593,859 in 2008. The region consists of 1,257 square miles with a population density of 1,267.99 residents per square mile compared to a statewide density of 91.95. This county ranked 4th in 2000 population compared to all 254 counties in Texas. Bexar County is a member of TWC's Alamo Local Workforce Development region. This area is a metropolitan county. This county also ranked 37th in size by square miles when compared to all counties in Texas. The Bexar County area is assigned to the following district(s): Texas Representative District(s) of 116-125 and State Senatorial District(s) of 19,21,25,26. The area is in the U.S. Congressional District(s) of: 20,21,23,28. The county seat is San Antonio and the county's major city, town or place is San Antonio. See Texas Online at
http://www.state.tx.us/portal/tol/en/gov/11/1 for State and local updates. Bexar County is classified as a metropolitan county by virtue of either its close relationship with a significant central city or lack thereof. Using 2000 Census population data, roughly 86.05 percent of all Texas population could be found in the 76 metropolitan counties defined by the federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for 2003. In 1993 the county was classified as a metropolitan county. Texas has established a network of 24 Councils of Government (COGs) to assist local governments in planning for common needs and to coordinate regional economic development activity. Bexar County falls within the Alamo Area Council of Governments region. For additional information and links to the COG regions see www.txregionalcouncil.org/.

The Office of the State Climatologist in College Station, under the guidance of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, maintains 10-year intervals of weather compilations. For most recent interval as of January 1, 1993, the rainfall in the region averages 31 inches per year compared to the Texas average of 30.1 inches per year. The average growing season in the Bexar County region is 265 days. Texas is so climatically diverse that statewide averages are generally irrelevant as a means of comparison. The average temperature in January gathered by the Office of the State Climatologist ranges from 38 degrees to an average for July of 95 degrees. The Texas Department of Agriculture estimates the freeze dates range from Nov 26 to Mar 6. Current and past climate information can be found at
http://www.farmersalmanac.com/weather/uszone5.html and http://lwf.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/ncdc.html.

Natural amenities of the area, according to the U.S. Department of Interior, reflect an overall percent of surface water of 0.8 percent compared to 2.5 percent statewide. The land surface form topography for the region is described as open high hills. Considerably more detailed information can be found at:
http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/texaswater/sb1/ and http://www.netstate.com/states/geography/tx_geography.htm.

Local Workforce Boards: Bexar County is a member of the TWC Alamo local workforce board area. In order to contact the board or TWC's Tele Center by phone, call 1-800-939-6631. Local addresses, references to specific needs and services can be found at the Alamo web site at
http://www.twc.state.tx.us/dirs/wdas/wda20.html. For further information on all Local Workforce Board go to http://www.twc.state.tx.us/dirs/wdbs/wdbmap.html.

Alamo                               http://www.twc.state.tx.us/dirs/wdas/wda20.html


In order to contact a board or TWC's Tele Center by phone, call 1-800-939-6631.


Population

County population estimates are updated periodically by the Texas State Data Center – Office of the State Demographer at the University of Texas at San Antonio. County estimates are primarily based on the 100 percent population counts from the latest April, 2000 decennial census and are calculated to reveal population change up to a current date, in this case January 2008. These estimation methodologies utilize information on births, deaths and elementary school enrollment to estimate population. In this method, migration of the school-age population is assumed to be indicative of migration in the total population (with adjustments being made for the historical differences between the school-age migration rate and the total population's rate of migration). Data on public school enrollment from the Texas Education Agency and data from the Texas State Data Center's survey of private schools in Texas are used to estimate change in the school-age population. Data on institutional populations were obtained from applicable institutions, while data on other special populations, such as the elderly population were obtained from the U.S. Bureau of the Census.

According to the county-based population estimates from the Texas State Data Center, Bexar County changed in population from 1,392,931 in April, 2000 to an estimated 1,593,859 in January 2008 by 200,928 residents. This reflects an increase of 14.4 percent in population. During the same time period, the state's population changed by 3,253,597 residents from 20,851,820 to an estimated 24,105,417 persons representing a comparative change of 15.6 percent. A variety of data topics for Texas and all the counties is available at:
http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/48000.html.

The region's race/ethnic distibution in 2000 is estimated by the Census Bureau to be:

Race/Ethnicity

Population

Area
Percent

Statewide
Percent

White

959,122

68.9

70.97

Black

100,025

7.2

11.53

Other

35,082

2.5

3.33

Hispanicº

757,033

54.3

31.99


º Hispanic count includes White, Black and other representation when reported.

 

Population Age

The age distribution of an area can provide valuable insight into the region's economic composition and income potential. By national standards, Texas has a relatively young population. The 2000 Census estimates for Texas show a population composition as follows:

Age

Population

Area
Percent

Statewide

Under 5

109,948

7.9

7.8

5-14

221,257

15.9

15.8

15-19

110,221

7.9

7.8

20-44

529,598

38.0

38.5

45-64

277,509

19.9

20.2

65+

144,398

10.4

9.9


While the median age for Texas was 32.30 years in 2000, the Bexar County area had a median age of 32.10 according to the 2000 Census.


Population Gender

The gender distribution of an area can provide additional insight into the region's overall distribution in the population by male and female. Of the area's population, 677,541 were male which represents 48.6 percent and 715,390 were female which represents 51.4 percent. This compares to the statewide percentage of 49.6 percent for male and 50.4 percent for female.

Special Age Groups and Gender

Youth and Older Workers: Other age cohorts may be of special interest for Workforce Development Board's summer youth programs and older worker programs. The Bexar County region has 191,369 persons age 14-21 representing 13.3 percent of the population. This compares with 13.3 percent statewide. For the potential older age cohort, 138,308 persons or 9.6 percent are 55 or over in the Bexar County region based on the 2000 Census. This compares to 9.9 percent statewide.

Ages 25-44: If the population cohort 45 and over is higher than the state average, this suggests a stable, mature population comprised of mainly "empty-nesters," retirees and the aged. When the 25-44 age cohort is higher than the state average, this is a healthy economic situation since this group contains the greatest share of the labor force. Decreases over time in this group, especially when similar changes are not occurring statewide, can be an indication that people are moving out of an area they consider to be a poor labor market. In Bexar County the total number in the age groups of 25 to 44, was 461,369 or 32.2 percent. This compares to a statewide percentage of 31.9 percent.

Ages 18 and Older: For the population generally considered in the ages to participate in the labor market, the total population who were 18 years and over totaled 14,965,061 in Texas which represented 71.8 percent of the total population. In this study area, the total persons in this age group was 996,458 or 71.5 percent of the total population. Within this age group in Texas the number of males in 2000 who were 18 years and over represented 7,338,177 persons or 35.2 percent of the total population while females age 18 years and over represented 7,626,884 or 36.6 percent. In the Bexar County area, males 18 and over represented 475,197 or 34.1 percent in comparison and females totaled to 521,261 or 37.4 percent.

Veteran Status: According to the U.S. Bureau of Census, the area had 972,258 persons in the population age 18 years and older in the year 2000. Of that number, 153,696 or 15.8 percent responded as being a civilian veteran, compared to 11.8 percent statewide. A "civilian veteran" is a person 18 years old or over who has served (even for a short time), but is not now serving, on active duty in the U.S. Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, or the Coast Guard, or who served in the U.S. Merchant Marine during World War II. People who served in the National Guard or military Reserves are classified as veterans only if they were ever called or ordered to active duty, not counting the 4-6 months for initial training or yearly summer camps.

Disability Status: From the 2000 Census, data on Disability Status were derived when respondents reported long-lasting conditions: (a) blindness, deafness, or a severe vision or hearing impairment, (sensory disability) and (b) a condition that substantially limits one or more basic physical activities such as walking, climbing stairs, reaching, lifting, or carrying (physical disability). Disability status was also derived if the individuals in the working age range of 21 to 64 years had a physical, mental, or emotional condition lasting 6 months or more that made it difficult to perform certain activities such as: (a) learning, remembering, or concentrating (mental disability); (b) dressing, bathing, or getting around inside the home (self-care disability); (c) going outside the home alone to shop or visit a doctor's office (going outside the home disability); and (d) working at a job or business (employment disability).

It was reported in the 2000 Census that the area had an estimated 346,313 persons residing there between the ages of 5 to 20 years of age with approximately 30,975 or 8.9 percent with a disability. In Texas, the percent with disabilities in this same age bracket was 7.9 percent. In the working age population group - ages 21 to 64 years, the area had approximately 758,844 persons, of which 167,345 were categorized to be in a disability status. This represented 22.1 percent compared to 19.9 percent in the state overall. For those persons in this age group that had a disability, approximately 97,227 or 58.1 percent were employed. For those who had no disability, an estimated 437,118 or 73.9 percent were employed. For the retirement age group of 65 years of age and older, 138,157 persons resided of which 63,067 were disabled. The percent of this age group with a disabled status was 45.6 percent and this compared to 44.8 percent in Texas overall.

Ages 65 and Older: For the population who are considered to be at the age of retirement or older - 65 years and older, the total number of persons in Texas was 2,072,532 or 9.9 percent of the total population in 2000. This region had a total of 144,398 or 10.4 percent in this older age group. In the same age group of 65 years and over, males in Texas represented 862,181 or 4.1 percent of the total population and females totaled to 1,210,351 or 5.8 percent, while in this study area, males totaled to 58,909 or 4.2 percent of all persons in this area and females represented 85,489 or 6.1 percent of all persons. For other general and special population information from the 2000 Census as well as specific populations topics, link to
http://www.census.gov/census2000/states/tx.html.

Population Projections

The Office of the State Demographer for the State of Texas distributes the most widely used population projections for Texas. Projection estimates in these tables and the methodology for migration scenarios have been revised as of 2006 by the Texas State Data Center and Office of the State Demographer - now housed at University of Texas San Antonio. Each projection series includes three scenarios resulting in three alternative sets of population values for the State and each county are presented in these projections. These scenarios assume the same set of mortality and fertility assumptions in each scenario but differ in their assumptions relative to net migration. The net migration assumptions made for three scenarios are derived from 1990-2000 patterns which have been altered relative to expected future population trends. This is done by systematically and uniformly altering the adjusted 1990-2000 net migration rates by age, sex and race/ethnicity. The scenarios so produced are referred to as the zero migration (0.0) scenario, the one-half 1990-2000 (0.5) scenario, the 1990-2000 (1.0) scenario and the 1990-2000 (2.0) scenario.

The recommended scenario for most county based projection reporting used is believed to be the 0.5 scenario as most appropriate scenario for most counties in Texas. This scenario has been prepared as an approximate average of the zero (0.0) and 1990-2000 (1.0) scenarios. It assumes rates of net migration one-half of those of the 1990s. The reason for including this scenario is that many counties in the State are unlikely to continue to experience the overall levels of relatively extensive growth of the 1990s. A scenario which projects rates of population growth that are approximately an average of the zero and the 1990-2000 scenarios is one that suggests slower but steadier growth than occurred during 1990-2000 (For a more detailed discussion see
http://txsdc.utsa.edu).

Using this projection scenario, the following table represents population projections for Bexar County:

Population Projections and Percent Change Since 2000*

Year

Total

Pct Chg

Anglo

Pct Chg

Black

Pct Chg

Hispanic

Pct Chg

Other

Pct Chg

2000

1,392,931

---

506,093

---

100,260

---

757,033

---

29,545

---

2005

1,479,494

6.2

503,406

-0.5

105,980

5.7

833,894

10.2

36,214

22.6

2010

1,560,695

12.0

495,688

-2.1

111,734

11.4

910,106

20.2

43,167

46.1

2015

1,635,711

17.4

484,829

-4.2

117,293

17.0

983,076

29.9

50,513

71.0

2020

1,702,693

22.2

470,388

-7.1

122,036

21.7

1,051,948

39.0

58,321

97.4

2025

1,761,041

26.4

452,965

-10.5

125,685

25.4

1,115,767

47.4

66,624

125.5

2030

1,811,435

30.0

432,915

-14.5

128,375

28.0

1,174,655

55.2

75,490

155.5

2035

1,852,292

33.0

410,657

-18.9

130,069

29.7

1,226,744

62.0

84,822

187.1

2040

1,882,349

35.1

387,016

-23.5

130,851

30.5

1,269,895

67.7

94,587

220.1


     * Anglo, Black,and Other excludes Hispanic counts.


For comparison purposes, the Texas population projections, using the same scenario methodology, are as follows:

Population Projections and Percent Change Since 2000*

Year

Total

Pct Chg

Anglo

Pct Chg

Black

Pct Chg

Hispanic

Pct Chg

Other

Pct Chg

2000

20,851,820

---

11,074,716

---

2,421,653

---

6,669,666

---

685,785

---

2005

22,556,054

8.2

11,327,875

2.3

2,588,604

6.9

7,820,854

17.3

818,721

19.4

2010

24,330,612

16.7

11,533,974

4.1

2,754,744

13.8

9,080,436

36.1

961,458

40.2

2015

26,156,715

25.4

11,694,533

5.6

2,913,063

20.3

10,436,536

56.5

1,112,583

62.2

2020

28,005,788

34.3

11,796,493

6.5

3,052,401

26.0

11,882,998

78.2

1,273,896

85.8

2025

29,897,443

43.4

11,830,579

6.8

3,170,986

30.9

13,448,469

101.6

1,447,409

111.1

2030

31,830,589

52.7

11,789,298

6.5

3,268,616

35.0

15,140,100

127.0

1,632,575

138.1

2035

33,789,668

62.0

11,682,014

5.5

3,345,684

38.2

16,934,444

153.9

1,827,526

166.5

2040

35,761,201

71.5

11,525,112

4.1

3,403,169

40.5

18,804,298

181.9

2,028,622

195.8


     * Anglo, Black,and Other excludes Hispanic counts.



County to County Migration

Out-Migration: Using Internal Revenue Service (IRS) information regarding changes in residences between two filing years 2007 and 2008, statistics regarding moving in and out of counties can reveal patterns of migration as well as patterns of out-of-state and foreign migration to and from selected counties. During this time Bexar County reported 573,303 total tax returns were matched to tabulate outflow migration. Of these returns approximately 5.2 percent showed a change in residences by moving out from their originating county in 2007 to another county in 2008. Of these who moved out of their original county, 55.8 percent moved to another county within Texas, while 40.9 percent moved to a different state but within the U.S. Those who moved from their originating county in the year 2007 to a foreign country in 2008 was approximately 3.3 percent.

The IRS county migration data reports income by the number of returns and the number of exemptions. The number of returns - as a unit of analysis may be used as a proxy for household income and the number of exemptions may be used as a proxy for the number of individuals in a family. Using the number of returns for household income, the Bexar County overall has an average household earnings of $49,743. Of those households which remained in the same area, an average reported non-migrating household income of $49,880 during the period 2007 to 2008. Total income earned by 29,941 households leaving the region was $1,415,071,000 which represents an average income of $47,262.

The top 5 counties showing the most households and their average income leaving Bexar County to other counties during 2007 to 2008 were:

County and State

Households Moving Out

Average Income Moving Out

 

    Guadalupe County, TX

1,875

$47,145

 

    Travis County, TX

1,462

$43,180

 

    Harris County, TX

1,379

$42,160

 

    Comal County, TX

1,228

$65,013

 

    Foreign - Outside U.S.

999

$40,399


In-Migration: During the period 2007 to 2008, there were approximately 578,373 total tax returns were matched to calculate inflow migration. Of these returns approximately 6.1 percent showed a change in residences by moving in from their originating county in 2007 to a county in the study area in 2008. Of these who moved into the study area from another county, 48.2 percent moved from other counties in Texas, while 47.2 percent moved from a county in a different state but within the U.S. Those who moved into the study area during the 2007-2008 period from a foreign country was approximately 4.6 percent.

Using the number of returns as a proxy for household income, the Bexar County overall has an average household earnings of $49,566. Of those households which remained in the same area, had an average reported non-migrating household income of $49,880 during the period 2007 to 2008. Total income earned by 35,011 households entering the region was $1,564,696,000 which represents an average income of $44,692.

The top 5 counties showing the  most households and their average income migrating into Bexar County from other counties during 2007 to 2008 were:

County and State

Households Moving In

Average Income Moving In

 

    Foreign - Outside U.S.

1,602

$39,669

 

    Harris County, TX

1,384

$43,215

 

    Travis County, TX

1,245

$40,831

 

    Guadalupe County, TX

1,148

$34,444

 

    Los Angeles County, CA

920

$37,586



Change in Aggregated Earnings: Gains and loses of residential earnings and buying power due to a migration can be reflected in observed differences in aggregate dollars entering and leaving an area. County to county migration information from the IRS shows a net change for the Bexar County region of $149,625,000.00. A positive value represents an increase in earnings for an area and a negative value represents a loss of income during the 2007 - 2008 period.

Vital Statistics: According to the Texas Department of State Health Services for vital statistics for the year 2004, the Bexar County area had a total of 25,398 live births which represents a live birth rate of 17.1 births for every 1,000 persons in the study area compared to a statewide rate of 17.0 births per 1,000 persons in the population. The area had a total of 10,426 deaths representing a rate of 7.0 for every 1,000 persons compared to a statewide rate of 6.8.



Employment

Civilian Labor Force (CLF): The most recent civilian labor force estimates from TWC for Texas statewide in April 2011 is 12,248,373 which is an increase in the labor force of 112,415 persons since April 2010. This represents a 0.9 percent change in Texas during this time period. These estimates are not seasonally adjusted. Bexar County had a civilian labor force of 786,652 for April 2011 which was a change of 2,023 in CLF since April 2010. This change represented an increase of 0.3 percent for the study area. For another glimpse into TWC/LMI's Texas and County information, link to:
http://www.tracer2.com/cgi/dataanalysis/AreaSelection.asp?tableName=Labforce.

Economic Diversification: Relative to the Texas economy, the LMCI economic diversification index measures the degree to which a county economy is diversified. Significant concentrations of employment in only one or two industrial sectors makes an area less diversified and more susceptible to widespread economic decline should a key sector suffer a significant loss. While economic diversification or a balanced distribution of employment across all major industry sectors, is generally desirable, in some cases, especially where a region is exploiting a comparative advantage (such as access to raw materials, access to transportation routes, etc.) a statistically diverse economy does not necessarily correlate with higher growth. Of the three levels of diversification ranging from below average, average and above average, Bexar County had an economic base which is of average diversity.


Occupations: The best source of occupational information at the county level is from the 2000 Census. The total number of persons 16 years of age or older who were employed in Bexar County during the 2000 Census was 595,911. The following presents a table of those employed by occupational categories for this region compared to statewide percentages:

Occupational Categories

Count

Area
Percent

Statewide
Percent

Mgmt., Professional Occs.

196,340

32.9

33.3

Service Occupations

95,254

16.0

14.6

Sales and Office Occupations

178,408

29.9

27.2

Farming/Fishing/Forestry Occs.

1,083

0.2

0.7

Constr., Extraction Occs.

61,548

10.3

10.9

Production, Transport. Occs.

63,278

10.6

13.2



Class of Worker: Another way to view the types of workers in an area's labor force is by class of worker. According to the 2000 Census, the area had 459,724 employees who were private wage and salary workers representing 77.1 percent of all workers. The region had another 97,165 persons who were government workers or 16.3 percent, 37,487 who were self employed workers or 6.3 percent and 1,535 who were unpaid family workers representing 0.3 percent. This compares to the Texas statewide distribution of 78.0 percent for private wage and salary workers, 14.6 percent for government workers, 7.1 percent for self employed, and 0.3 percent for unpaid family workers.

Unemployment: According to TWC unemployment figures for April 2011 Bexar County had an unemployment estimate of 56,586 persons which represents a rate of 7.2 compared to a Texas statewide unemployment rate of 7.7 for the same month. For the study area these estimates represent an increase from April 2010 unemployment rate of 7.1 percent. The Texas statewide unemployment rate was 7.9 for April 2010. For the latest unemployment rates, see TWC's LMI website - Unemployment Rates (LAUS):
http://www.tracer2.com/cgi/dataanalysis/AreaSelection.asp?tableName=Labforce and for a description of methodology link to: http://www.tracer2.com/article.asp?ARTICLEID=148.

Reporting Establishments: The TWC indicates 26,229 business reporting units operating in Bexar County in the first quarter of 2008 with an average of 26.86 workers per unit. Average firm size makes a difference for job hunting and job development strategy because larger firms tend to have better defined ports of entry and in-house training capabilities. Although definitions vary greatly, small business can be defined as less than 50 workers and medium sized is 250 or less. The Texas average is 22.86 workers per unit. Regions with higher than average number of workers per unit tend to be dominated economically by a few very large employers.

Commuting to Work: Commuting to work for workers 16 years and over has a number of implications for transportation and municipal services study. Bexar County had a total of 460,413 or 75.7 percent who drove their car to work alone, 89,412 or 14.7 percent who car pooled, 20,089 or 3.3 percent used public transportation, 15,225 or 2.5 percent who walked to work, 7,510 or 1.2 percent of regional workers who used other means to work, and 15,211 or 2.5 percent who worked at home. These methods of commuting to work compare to the Texas statewide results by: car alone (77.7%), car pool (14.5%), public transportation (1.9%), walked (1.9%), other means (1.3%), and worked at home (2.8%). The average travel time to work in minutes was 24.00 for the region as compared to an overall statewide average of 25.4 minutes.

Employers by Employee Size Class: Employer contact information and employee size ranges are collected and updated by the Analyst Resource Center from InfoUSA Inc. The most current release is a product called the Employer Database 2010 1st Edition. This product shows that the area had approximately 13,063 establishments which employed 10 or more employees. Of these employers, approximately 0.4 percent employed over 1000 employees. 0.5 percent employed between approximately 500 and 999 employees, 7.6 percent employed between approximately 100 and 499 employees, 12.3 percent employed between 50 and 99 employees, 29.6 percent employed between 20 and 49 employees, and 49.6 percent employed between approximately 10 and 19 employees.

Top 10 Manufacturers for the Bexar County Region:

·  Cardell Cabinetry

·  Ccc Group Inc

·  Norwood Promotional Products

·  Pearson Assessment

·  St Aerospace San Antonio Lp

·  Texas Manufacturing Assistance

·  Toyota Motor Mfg Texas Inc

·  Valero Energy Corp

·  Valero Marketing & Supply Co

·  Zachry Construction Corp



Income

Personal Income: According to the most recent data released by the BEA 2005, Bexar County's total personal income, excluding farm, was $46,726,565,000 which represented an increase of $2,885,015,000 when compared to the 2004 total personal income, excluding farm, of $ 43,841,550,000. For Statewide personal income, the total of $686,943,289,000 for 2004 and $741,099,703,000 for the year 2004, shows an increase of $54,156,414,000. This indicates that Bexar County has a personal income showing a rate change of 6.6 percent compared to the statewide income at a rate change of 7.9 percent for the same period. Income from all government and government enterprises for the area was a total of $9,328,255,000 for the year 2005. This was an increase of 4.0 percent from the 2004 figure of $8,971,569,000. Texas statewide had an increase of 5.7 percent for government income. Military income, excluding federal civilian income, for 2005 was $2,746,130,000 compared to $2,689,333,000 in 2004 for the study area. This was an increase of 2.1 percent compared to a statewide change of no change percent for the same period. For further information link to:
http://www.bea.gov/bea/regional/reis.

Per Capita Income: Total personal income is a widely used measure of regional economic health while per capita income is generally used to compare the relative well-being of residents across areas (not accounting for differences in area cost of living). The per capita personal income for 2005 was $30,843 in Bexar County while Texas statewide had a per capita income of $32,460. For more information on this data, please go to
http://www.bea.gov/bea/regional/reis.

Government Transfer Payments: The Bexar County region received over $6,975,718,000 in transfer of payments in FY2005 which reflected a $4,600 per capita transfer payment compared to the Texas per capita payment of $4,194. Transfer payments includes the total amount of government allocations to people who qualify for income assistance. This consists largely of supplemental security income payments, family assistance, general assistance payments, food stamp payments, and other assistance payments, including emergency assistance. For more information on this data, please go to
http://www.bea.gov/bea/regional/reis.

Residence Adjustment: Some areas function as major employment centers and others serve as "bedroom communities". This means that residents may work in one region but live, pay taxes and spend most of their income in their resident region. The degree to which a regional area serves as a bedroom community can be measured by a "residence adjustment" to the area personal income. The residence adjustment in the Bexar County region was $-3,192,576 in 2005. By 2006 the adjustment represented a decrease to $-3,610,731. A negative number implies that workers commute into the region to earn income but do not reside there. Growth over time of negative residence adjustments generally implies an eroding tax base for the region. Similarly, a positive figure implies that on balance the region exports jobs and income to residents of other regions. For more information on this data, please go to
http://www.bea.gov/bea/regional/reis.

Average Weekly Wage: TWC reported an average weekly wage during 1st quarter 2007 for all covered wages and salaried employment in the Bexar County region to be $786.79. Average weekly wages for 1st quarter 2008 was $777.34, a decrease of -1.2 percent. This is compared to a decrease of -2.1 percent statewide for the same period of time. The Texas statewide average weekly wage in the 1st quarter of 2008 was $884.74.  These wage data are the result of the reported quarterly wages and salaries paid by employers divided by 13 weeks. For the most current information, link to:
http://www.tracer2.com/cgi/dataanalysis/AreaSelection.asp?tableName=Industry

UI Benefits: The region had $80,075,524 in Unemployment Insurance benefits paid during calendar year 2008. In the Bexar County region, the average duration before exhausting regular UI benefits in calendar year 2008 was approximately 13.8 weeks, while the statewide average duration before exhausting regular UI benefits in calendar year 2008 was approximately 13.4 weeks. The most likely interpretation of longer duration times is greater difficulty finding a job. Therefore, duration can serve as a good barometer for local general economic conditions. The average weekly benefits payment for Regular UI in 2008 was $301.38 for the Bexar County region compared to $307.5 in Texas statewide.

Personal Income by Place of Residence: Personal income by place of residence, based on the 2000 Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) estimates was roughly $73,996 for the Bexar County region. This compares to $78,626 statewide. This figure is much higher than the per capita income level because it includes all wage earners living within a single household. Also, income data from BEA will be different than income data from other agencies due to that fact the BEA includes other sources of income such as farm wages, dividends, interest, rent and transfer payments. For more information on this data, please go to
http://www.bea.gov/bea/regional/reis.

Poverty Population: The U.S. Department of Census estimated a 2002 poverty population for the Bexar County region for people of all ages at 237,671 persons. That figure represents 16.4 percent of the non-institutional population compared to a Texas percentage of 15.4 percent for people of all ages. The estimated number of people under the age of 18 in the study area in poverty was 88,425 in 1999. This figure was 6.5 percent of all people under 18 in the study area compared to Texas statewide which was 6.0 percent of all people under 18 as estimated in 1999. According to the 2000 Census, the number of families living below poverty status in 1999 were 44,056 which was 12.7 percent of all families in the study area. This compared to 12.0 percent of all families statewide living in poverty status in 1999. The total number of individuals living below poverty status was 215,736 in 1999 which was 15.5 percent of all individuals in the study area. This compared to 15.0 percent of all individuals living below poverty status statewide. For the most recent Poverty information, see:
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/saipe/county.html .

Gross Retail Sales: Income can be viewed in several ways and under different definitions. Per capita income tends to have a direct relationship with the growth of gross sales and most service sector industries in an area. Gross sales for the region estimated by the Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts were $4,878,731,579 in the 4th quarter 2009 which represented an increase of 8.9 percent to $5,310,746,861.00 by the 4th quarter 2010. The statewide change for the same period was an increase of 2.7 percent in gross sales. The total number of reporting outlets for the same period was 11,409 in the 4th quarter 2009 and 11,344 in the 4th quarter 2010. This region had a decrease of -0.6 percent in the study area compared to the statewide change for the same period of an increase of 0.3 percent. For the most recent Gross Retail Sales information, please see:
http://www.window.state.tx.us/taxinfo/sales/.


Housing

Household Units and Size: The total number of housing units in 2000 in Bexar County according the Census was 488,942 with an average household size of 2.8 persons. The average household size for Texas was 2.7 persons for the same period. Home ownership rates for this area was 61.2 percent compared to Texas statewide which had a rate of 63.8 percent. While in Texas statewide the percent of households with persons under 18 years of age in 2000 was 40.9 percent, this study area had a percent of 41.4. The percent of households with persons 65 years of age or older was 19.9 percent in Texas statewide while 21.1 percent of Bexar County had households with individuals 65 years of age and older.

Types of Structures: While Texas had approximately 63.4 percent of the housing units in the category of one detached structures in 2000 according to the census, the study area had approximately 65.8 percent. Mobile homes in the area made up 3.8 percent when compared to a statewide percentage of 9.0 percent. More recently built housing structures in the area shows new development has taken place in the region. The total number of new housing structures built between 1995 and March 2000 was 60,713 or 11.6 percent in Bexar County compared to 13.2 percent statewide.

Owner and Renter Occupied: According to the 2000 Census, the percent of owner-occupied units with a value of $100,000 or greater in Bexar County was 29.2 percent compared to 36.7 percent for the state. The percent of renter-occupied units with rent values of $500 per month or greater was 58.0 percent as compared to the Texas percentage of 60.4 percent. The median home value in Bexar County according to the 2000 census was $74,100.00 compared to a statewide median value of $82,500.00. Median rent for the area was $556.00 compared to $574.00 for the state. For this area, the total number of renter-occupied housing units was 189,789 which represented 38.8 percent of all occupied housing units in 2000. This compares to a Texas statewide percentage of 36.2 percent for the same period.


Education

The total number of public independent school districts in Bexar County for the school year 1999-2000 was 15 according to the Texas Education Agency. The overall average daily attendance for the same year was 237,974.

Enrollment: School enrollment data from the 2000 Census showed that there were 407,384 persons in the population who were 3 years of age and older and enrolled in school in the study area during the census collection period. Of this population, the following table shows a breakdown of what types of schools persons were enrolled compared to similar statewide information:

Type of School

Count

Area
Percent

Statewide
Percent

Nursery school or preschool

25,576

6.3

6.6

Kindergarten

24,380

6.0

5.9

Elementary School (grades 1-8)

181,303

44.5

45.5

High School (grades 9-12)

88,050

21.6

21.9

College or graduate school

88,075

21.6

20.2



Educational Attainment: The total number of persons 25 years of age or older who responded to the level of educational attainment during the 2000 Census was 849,004. Of those persons, the following presents a table on various levels of educational attainment for this region compared to statewide percentages:

Educational Attainment

Count

Area
Percent

Statewide
Percent

Less than 9th Grade

95,962

11.3

11.5

9th to 12th grade, no diploma

99,918

11.8

12.9

H.S. graduate (inc. equiv.)

206,345

24.3

24.8

Some college, no degree

203,214

23.9

22.4

Associate Degree

51,111

6.0

5.2

Bachelor's Degree

121,669

14.3

15.6

Graduate or Prof. Degree

70,785

8.3

7.6


Another useful grouping of these statistics shows that the percent of high school graduates or higher was 76.9 percent for the area compared to 75.7 percent for Texas. Also, the percent with bachelor's degree or higher was 22.7 percent as compared to 23.2 percent for Texas.

Dropout and Attrition Rates: Information from the Texas Education Agency on student dropouts from public schools for 2004-2005 shows that 1,604 students, grades 7-12, dropped out of school in this study area. This represents a dropout rate of 1.25 percent as compared to a Texas statewide percentage of 0.90 percent of all students who dropped out during this period. Attrition rates are often viewed as measures of the percentage of students that begin high school but do not graduate with a diploma. It is arguably a more reasonable way to view dropouts from an economic viewpoint. One way to view educational progress in a region is to estimate the number of persons who persist to high school graduation as opposed to standard dropout statistics. Attrition rates are calculated by the Intercultural Development Research Association (IDRA). IDRA conducts research and development activities; creates, implements and administers innovative education programs; and provides teacher, administrator, and parent training and technical assistance. The attrition rates for Bexar County during the period 2004-2005 by race and ethnicity were 35 percent for all students, 35 percent for Blacks, 21 percent for Whites, and 40 percent for Hispanics. In order to review the latest Secondary Schools Enrollment and Dropouts information posted on the Texas Education Agency, link to:
http://www.tea.state.tx.us/research/.


Health

Health Facilities - The number of acute and psychiatric care hospitals in Bexar County as of October 2007 was 31, with an average total beds capacity of approximately 200.5 compared to a statewide ratio of 123.1 beds per hospital according to statistical reports from the Texas Department of State Health Services. Link to
http://www.dshs.state.tx.us for more data reporting on health care facilities. The Texas State Board of Pharmacy data for October 2007 shows there are 331 licensed pharmacies in the study area. The total number of licensed pharmacies statewide is 5,919. For additional information on Texas Pharmacies, link to the Texas State Board of Pharmacy at http://www.tsbp.state.tx.us/index.htm.

Health Practitioners - According to the Texas Department of State Health Services October 2007 report, there were 4,123 direct patient care and primary care physicians who practiced in the region. The ratio of total persons to each physician in the area was 374.0 residents per each physician. This compares to a statewide ratio of 460.5 persons for each physician in Texas. Another way of reporting these figures is by showing the number of physicians as a ratio per 100,000 residents. In this study area, the ratio in direct patient care was 491.0 as compared to the statewide ratio of 638.3 in direct patient care physicians per 100,000 population as of 2007. The ratio of physicians in primary care was 1,258.7 compared to a statewide ratio of 1,472.0 physicians in primary care per 100,000 persons in the population statewide. Link to
http://www.dshs.state.tx.us for more data.

The study area had a total of 13,597 registered nurses (RN) working in the study area, representing a ratio of 113.4 persons for each RN in the area. The statewide ratio was 152.2 persons for each RN in the state. For the same time period, the ratio of RNs per 100,000 population was 881.8 compared to 657.0 per 100,000 statewide. Link to
http://www.dshs.state.tx.us for more data.

The number of licensed vocational nurses (LVN) who practiced in the area was 5,690 representing a ratio of 271.0 persons per each LVN in the area. This compared to 363.8 persons per each LVN statewide. The ratio of LVNs per 100,000 population was 369.0 compared to 274.9 per 100,000 population statewide. See
http://www.dshs.state.tx.us for a wider variety of Health Professionals and related information.

The Texas Department of State Health Services information for October 2007 also reports that there were 835 dentists in the study area, with a ratio of 1,846.6 persons for each dentist in the area. The ratio of dentists per 100,000 residents was 54.2. By comparison, there was a statewide ratio of 42.8 dentists per 100,000 residents, with a total of 10,151 dentists statewide. See
http://www.dshs.state.tx.us for a wider variety of Health Professionals and related information.

According to data from the Texas Department of State Health Services for October 2007, there were 2,598 licensed Emergency Medical Technicians, or EMTs, for the study area; a ratio of 168.5 licensed EMTs per 100,000 residents. The statewide ratio was 218.0 EMTs per 100,000 residents, with a total of 51,718 EMTs statewide. See
http://www.dshs.state.tx.us for a wider variety of Health Professionals and related information.

Also, according to the October 2007 report from the Texas Department of State Health Services, there were 1,392 pharmacists in this area, which is a ratio of 1,107.7 persons for each pharmacist. Texas has 18,138 pharmacists statewide, or a ratio of 1,308.2 persons for each pharmacist in the area. The ratio of pharmacists per 100,000 residents was 90.3 compared to 76.4 per 100,000 residents statewide. See
http://www.dshs.state.tx.us for a wider variety of Health Professionals and related information.

The Texas Department of State Health Services information for October 2007 shows that for the study area there were 230 occupational therapists; a ratio of 6,703.8 persons for each occupational therapist. The statewide ratio was 11,072.6 persons for each occupational therapist, with a total of 2,143 occupational therapists statewide. The ratio of occupational therapists per 100,000 residents was 14.9 compared to 9.0 statewide. See
http://www.dshs.state.tx.us for a wider variety of Health Professionals and related information.

Medical & Health Services Employment*

 

Area

Statewide

2007 1st Qtr

2008 1st Qtr

Pct
Change

2007 1st Qtr

2008 1st Qtr

Pct
Change

87,357

89,448

2.39%

1,092,916

1,135,001

3.85%

 

* Includes: Hospitals, Medical/Health Offices; Home Health, Nursing, Elderly Residential facilities;
Individual/Family, Emergency & Other Relief Svcs., Vocational Rehab. Svcs.
[NAICS: 6211,6212-19,6221-23,6231-33,6239,6241-43]
Due to confidentiality, employment for small areas may be suppressed and reported as zero.



Health Statistics - Some of the leading causes of mortality in Texas include malignant neoplasms or cancer, heart disease, and chronic lower respiratory disease. From information gathered by Texas Department of State Health Services for 2004, the study area had a total of 2,233 reported deaths from malignant neoplasm cancer. On a statewide level, Texas had 33,836 reported deaths from malignant neoplasm cancer. Texas Department of State Health Services reports that for 2004 there were 2,723 deaths from heart disease, and 425 deaths from lower respiratory disease in the selected study area. By contrast, Texas statewide had 40,091 deaths from heart disease and 7,387 deaths from chronic lower respiratory disease. See
http://www.dshs.state.tx.us for a wider variety of Texas health, disease and related information.

Several state agencies collect statistics on health status indicators that can be used to assess the strengths or weaknesses of public health in a local area or community. For this study area, the Texas Department of State Health Services reported for August 2004 there were 157 infant deaths, as compared with a statewide rate of 2,398. See
http://www.dshs.state.tx.us for a wider variety of Texas health, disease and related information.

The Texas Department of State Health Services reported that for August 2003 there were 1,523 total teen pregnancies in this area. There were different teen pregnancy rates in the study area depending on race, with 91 for Black teens, 1,283 for Hispanic teens and 149 for White teens. Statewide rates for teenage pregnancy were 19,730 for total teenage pregnancies, with 3,003 for Black teens, 12,693 for Hispanic teens and 4,034 for White teens. See
http://www.dshs.state.tx.us for a wider variety of Texas health, disease and related information.

In the Health and Human Services 2003 Data Book, figures show that the number of children under 19 in this area whom were not covered by health insurance is 66,185, which is 6.4% of the reported population in that age group. The number of uninsured children statewide is 885,999, or 7.1% of the reported population for children under 19. For more information, or to view or download the entire data book, see
http://www.hhsc.state.tx.us.


Information On The Web

The Bureau of Census has a variety of useful Quick Facts for each county in Texas. The Quick Fact report for Bexar county can be accessed at the following URL:
http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/48/48029.html. Some counties maintain their own Internet sites for local information. If a county hosts its own Web site, it may be accessed through a URL with the following format http://www.co.County Name Goes Here.tx.us.

To research additional websites on Counties, consider any of the following:

Texas A-Z List of counties with web sites: http://www.state.tx.us/portal/tol/en/gov/6/2/1
Texas Conference on Urban Counties:
http://www.cuc.org
State of Texas Web Site - Texas Counties:
http://www.state.tx.us
Texas Economic Development:
http://www.governor.state.tx.us/ecodev
TWC's LMI unit, Tracer:
http://www.tracer2.com/
Texas Association of Counties:
http://www.county.org
V.G. Young Institute of County Government:
http://vgyi.tamu.edu/
Real Estate Center, Texas A&M University:
http://recenter.tamu.edu
Bureau of Business Research, University of Texas:
http://www.utexas.edu/depts/bbr
National Association of Counties:
http://www.naco.org
"Uniform Crime Statistics, County Reports" Geostat-Geospatial & Statistical Data Center, University of Virginia:
http://fisher.lib.virginia.edu/crime
Compare County Data Nationwide:
http://www.stats.indiana.edu/uspr/a/sbs_profile_frame.html




Other Facts of Interest

·         According to the Texas Secretary of State's Office, for the November 2008 presidential election, there were 931,118 registered voters in Bexar County. The voter turnout was 525,715 representing 56.5 percent of eligible voters. The election results were 246,275 or 46.8 percent for McCain/Palin, 275,527 or 52.4 percent for Obama/Biden, and 3,913 or 0.7 percent for all other presidential candidates. The statewide results were 55.5 percent for McCain/Palin, 43.7 percent for Obama/Biden, and approximately 0.9 percent for all other candidates. See: http://www.sos.state.tx.us/elections/voter/index.shtml for other topics of interest.

·         Information on the three categories of child placement services from the Texas Department of Family and Protective Services for 2006 showed that the area had 40 foster homes, 126 foster/adoptive homes and 64 adoptive homes. The total number of licensed day care facilities were 636 with a total capacity of 59,763. The total number of family homes licensed for 24-hour care was 548. Link here for further information.


 

·         There were approximately 101,697 crimes reported in the Bexar County area during 2005 or a -0.0 percent change from the 101,720 crimes reported for 2004. Statewide, the total of all reported crimes was 1,117,806 for 2005 representing a -1.8 percent change from the reported totals of 1,138,346 for 2004. This information was collect from the FBI, Uniform Crime Reports, as prepared by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data; see the U.S. Dept. of Justice site: http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/dtdata.htm for the most recent reported data.


 

·         The total jail capacity for public and private jails in the region was 4,292 as of October 1, 2006 according to the Texas Commission on Jail Standards. Jail population was at 96.9 percent capacity when compared to maximum capacity. At this same time, this compared to a statewide capacity of 90.4 percent. For more detailed information, see to: http://www.tcjs.state.tx.us/index.php?linkid=320.

·         The region had 37 commercial banks in 2007, as reported by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), with total deposits of $13,761,000,000 and assets of $16,261,121,000. The 2007 deposit to population ratio was $8,766 for the Bexar County region compared to the Texas ratio of $13,816. A ratio less than the state average generally indicates either the presence of an adjacent city or county not within the described region serving as a regional financial center, or per capita income well below the state average. These numbers do not reflect assets and deposits which are held in branch offices of banks whose headquarters are in another city or state. The most recent FDIC data for this area is at http://www2.fdic.gov/sod/index.asp.


 

·         While all counties in Texas are served by banks, savings and loan institutions and credit unions, many counties may not show these offices directly reported in its geography by the FDIC or other governing agencies. For the 2007 reporting period in Bexar County, the number of saving and loans was 5 which had a total of savings and loan assets of $2,907,977,900 and deposits of $2,642,000,000 These figures are in contrast to the statewide total of 54 savings and loans, with $7,767,193,400 in assets and $12,067,400,000 in deposits. For more information, please see: http://www2.fdic.gov/sdi/index.asp. There were 31 credit unions in the study area according to the National Credit Union Administration data. For 2007, the latest year of reported data, these credit unions had a total of $7,851,503,792 in assets and $5,443,689,289 in deposits, as compared to a total of 615 credit unions statewide, with $48,883,686,146 in assets and $36,648,314,014 in deposits. Credit union statistics and other information on credit unions can be found at http://webapps.ncua.gov/customquery.

This report is brought to you by:


Labor Market and Career Information / Texas Workforce Commission
101 East 15th Street, Room 0252
Austin, TX 78778-0001
Main:(512) 936-3200               Fax:(512) 936-3204
http://www.lmci.state.tx.us

 


 

 

 

 

 

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